What comes to mind when you hear the term “hunter-gatherer”? It is likely that you envision a primitive person or tribe wandering the Savanna or a dense forest in search of edible plants and grubs with the occasional good fortune to secure a source of animal protein. And of course, in the evening, seeking shelter from the elements and the wilds of the night. These images are likely accurate, but if we think about these activities in a more fundamental way, it becomes clear that what they were really doing was seeking opportunity in an environment that was ever-changing and that they struggled to comprehend and control. Sound familiar?